What is Crop Rotation
Crop rotation is a cropping pattern alternately or rotating on one field. The benefits of rotating this plant are large on the soil because it is useful to restore nitrogen nutrients to the soil.
We know that the benefits of crop rotation are large in large-scale agriculture. This benefit can also be extended to home gardens that are carried out on a small scale. Crop rotation is especially important for growing organic vegetables because it can block problems in vegetables so that the use of herbicides and pesticides can be pressed or even unnecessary.
In fact, what is crop rotation benefits? The biggest benefit is to prevent contracting the disease in the vegetables you plant.
What are the Benefits of Crop Rotation
1. Eliminate plant diseases
Spores and bacteria that attack plants will usually survive in the winter. They will infect new plants that are planted in the next period. So, it is very important for planters to plant other crops that are not targeted by the bacteria. By planting other plants, the bacteria or spores will be destroyed because the plants you grow are not in accordance with the wishes of the bacteria.
Bacteria that infect plants, when plants do not exist they will live on the ground. If you grow the same plants, they will again infect. So, crop rotation is very important we practice so that our plants avoid disease.
In addition to bacteria, many pests and insects also live in the soil. If you plant cucumber, there will be insects that damage your plants. If in the next period you keep growing the same plants, the same insects will continue to damage your plants.
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2. Maintain nutritional availability
In addition to the benefits of crop rotation as above, there are other benefits of this rotation. Every plant needs nutrition. If you plant the same plants (which are in one family) year by year, the same nutrients in the soil will continue to drain so that the plants are not fertile. However, if you do crop rotation, then your plants are certainly healthier and more fertile because they need different nutrients from the previous plants.
In addition, the long level of different plant roots can also keep the soil loose. If you plant lettuce every year, then only the topsoil is loose because the lettuce does not require deep piracy.
The benefits of crop rotation can also improve soil fertility. Many of us grow nitrogen-fixing plants such as beans and beans, and at other times we grow crops such as tomatoes and corn.
So, how to find out what plants are good for planting in previous crop fields. In general, what needs to be considered is a plant that is in a different family than the previous one. So, knowing the plant family is very important so that planting can be done alternately (rotating) on the same land.
Remembering where you plant in the previous period is important. Because for the following year, you have to plant at a different point so that nutrients remain sufficient. Always pay attention to the location of your plants so that you are not mistaken to make the location of planting in the next phase.