Types Of Pine Trees

Types Of Pine Trees – 40 Pine Trees Around the World

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There are many types of pine trees. It is a tree that grows beautifully and profitable for papermaking. Pine is a tree that belongs to the genus Pinus. Pine is a pine tree that is widely distributed throughout the world with a variety of types. Because of the many types, one way of identifying is to look at the number of needles in a bundle.

I will give 40 types of pine trees found throughout the world. In this list of pine trees, we include the native of the plant. Most pine has now been distributed to other countries, so it’s normal for you to see lots of pine plants not in its native country.

40 Types Of Pine Trees

1. Whitebark Pine

Latin name: Pine albicaulis
Other names are well-known: Alpine whitebark pine, scrub pine, pitch pine, and creeping pine.
Native To Canada and Western United States
Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 4-8
Height measurement: 20-60 ‘tall
Exposure: Full sun
Number of needles in one bundle: 5

Whitebark Pine
daveynin/flickr/CC By 2.0

2. Western White Pine

Has a Latin name: Pinus Monticola
Also known by the name: Mountain white pine, silver pine, and Idaho white pine.
Origin of: Western United States, Canada
Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 5-7
Height: 60-100 ‘+ tall
Sun exposure: Full sun
Number of needles in one bundle: 5

Western White Pine
Eyeclick/Getty Images

3. Virginia Pine

Has a Latin name: Pinus virginiana
Another name is: Scrub pine
Native To Eastern United States
Like zones: Zones 5-8
Height: About 10-50 ‘tall, it includes wide-trunked pine.
Exposure: Full sun
Number of needles in one bundle: 2

Virginia Pine
Derek Ramsey/Wikimedia Commons/CC By 2.0

4. Two Needle Pinyon Pine

Latin Name: Pinus edulis
Another famous name: Pinyon pine
Native To Western / Central United States, Mexico
Live in the zone: Zones 5-8
Height: Up to 20 ‘tall
Exposure: Full sun
Number of needles for one bundle: 2-3

Two Needle Pinyon Pine
By Quinn Dombrowski

5. Turkish Pine

Latin Name: brutal pine
Another name: Calabrian pine, Brutian pine
Origin of: Bulgaria, Italy, Greece, Ukraine, Turkey, Western Asia
Living in the zone: Zones 8-11
Size height: 30-80 ‘tall
Exposure: Full sun
Number of needles per bundle: 2

Turkish Pine
Wolfgang Weigelt/flickr/CC By 2.0

6. Torrey Pine

Has Latin name: Pinus torreyana
Another name: Del Mar pine, Soledad pine
Origin: California
Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 8-10
Height size: About 25-60 ‘tall and wide
Exposure: Full sun
Number of needles in one bundle: 5

Torrey Pine
Mano K/flickr/CC By 2.0

7. Tenasserim Pine

Has a Latin name: Pinus latteri
Origin: Cambodia, China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 9-10
Height: 80-150 ‘tall
Exposure: Full sun
Number of needles in one bundle: 2

Tenasserim Pine
Photo: Flickr user yetunminn

8. Tanyosho Pine

Latin Name: Pinus densiflora ‘Umbraculifera’
Another name: Umbrella pine, tabletop pine
Origin: Asia
Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 3-7
Height: 12-15 ‘tall and up to 20’ wide
Exposure: Full sun
Needles in one bundle: 2
Note: This is a type of pine nut from Japan’s red pine.

Tanyosho Pine
( CC BY-SA 2.0) by romana klee

9. Sugar Pine

Latin name: Pinus lambertiana
Another name: Giant pine
Origin: California, Nevada, Oregon, Mexico
Live in the zone: Zones 6-7
Size: 100-200 ‘tall and 50’ wide
Exposure: Full sun
Number of needles in one bundle: 5

Sugar Pine
David Prasad/ flickr/CC By 2.0

Note: This is the highest pine variant in the world

10. Single-Leaf Pinyon Pine

Scientific name: Pinus monophylla
Another name: Pinyon pine
Origin: Western United States, Mexico
Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 5-9
Size: 15-50 ‘tall and 15-30’ wide
Exposure: Full sun
Number of needles in one bundle: 1 (only species)

Single-Leaf Pinyon Pine
Eric and David Hosking / Getty Images

11. Scotch Pine

Latin name: Pinus sylvestris
Another name: Scots pine
Native To: Europe, Asia
Love hard zones: Zones 2-8
Height and width: 30-70 ‘tall and 25-30’ wide
Exposure: Full sun
Number of needles in one bundle: 2

Scotch Pine
F.D. Richards/flickr/CC By 2.0

12. Sand Pine

Latin Name: Pinus clausa
Another name: Scrub pine
Origin: Alabama, Florida
Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 7-10
Size and height: 15-60 ‘tall, sometimes up to 100’ tall
Exposure: Full sun to part shade
Number of needles in one bundle: 2

Sand Pine
By Bill Lea (USDA Forest Service) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

13. Red Pine

Latin Name: Pinus resinosa
Other names: Canadian pine, Norway pine
Native To United States, Canada
Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 2-7
Size: 50-70 ‘tall and 30’ wide
Exposure: Full sun
Number of needles in one bundle: 2

Red Pine
bobistraveling/flickr/CC By 2.0

14. Ponderosa Pine

Latin name: Pinus ponderosa
Other names: Western yellow pine
Native to: United States, British Columbia, Canada
Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 3-7
Height and width: 60-100 ‘tall and 25-30’ wide
Exposure: Full sun
Number of needles in one bundle: 3, sometimes 2

Ponderosa Pine
bilge-water/flickr/CC By 2.0

15. Pond Pine

Latin name: Serotine pine
Other names: Marsh pine, bay pine, and pocosin pine
Origin: Eastern United States
Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 7-9
Size: 30-70 ‘tall
Exposure: Full sun
Number of needles in one bundle: 3, sometimes 4

Pond Pine
By James Steakley (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

16. Pitch Pine

Latin Name: Pinus rigida
Origin: United States, Canada
Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 4-7
Size: 50-100 ‘tall
Exposure: Full sun
Number of needles in one bundle: 3

Pitch Pine
Cyndy Sims Parr/flickr/CC By. 2.0

17. Mugo Pine

Latin Name: Pinus mugo
Other names: Swiss mountain pine, mugho pine, mountain pine
Native To: Europe
Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 2-7
Size: Shrub or tree. Depends on variety.
Exposure: Full sun – light shade
Number of needles in one bundle: 2

Because the size varies depending on the variety, then read the information about the size if you are looking for mugo pine. The variants are ‘Compacta’, ‘Gnome’, ‘Hesse’, var. mugo, and var. pumilo.

Mugo Pine
F.D. Richards/flickr/CC By 2.0

18. Monterey Pine

Latin name: Pinus radiata
Other names: Radiata pine
Native To: California, Mexico
Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 8-10
Size: 50-100 ‘tall
Exposure: Full sun
Number of needles in each bundle: 3 (sometimes 2)

Monterey Pine
David Prasadv/flickr/CC By 2.0

19. Mexican Weeping Pine

Latin Name: Pinus patula
The other names: Jelecote pine, patula pine
Origin: Mexico
Zone: Zones 8-9
Size: 60-80 ‘tall and 30-40’ wide
Exposure: Full sun
Needles in one bundle: 3

Mexican Weeping Pine
Daniel Geshev/flickr/CC By 2.0

20. Maritime Pine

Latin Name: Pine pinaster
Other names: Pine Cluster, French turpentine pine
Native To Southern Europe, Morocco
Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 8-9
Size of height and width: 60-100 ‘tall
Exposure: Full sun
Number of needles per bundle: 2, sometimes 3

Maritime Pine
JamesDeMers / Pixabay/CC By 0

21. Luchu Pine

Name in Latin: Pinus luchuensis
Other names: Okinawa pine, Ryuku Island pine, old style pine
Native To Japan – only found in Okinawa
Number of needles in each bundle: 2

Luchu Pine

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22. Longleaf Pine

Latin: Pinus palustris
Native To Southern United States
Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zone 7-9
Height and width: 60-100 ‘tall and 30-40’ wide
Exposure: Full sun
Number of needles in each bundle: 3

Longleaf Pine

23. Lodgepole Pine

Latin name: Pinus contorta
Has many names like Bolander pine, Beach pine, Sierra lodgepole pine, tamarack pine, Rocky Mountain lodgepole pine, shore pine, coast pine, black pine
Originally from North America
Suitable in the area: Depends on variety. Generally 4-8
Size: 70-80 ‘tall and 20-25’ wide
Exposure: Full sun
Number of needles in each bundle: 2

Note: Names in Latin depend on their location.

Lodgepole Pine

24. Loblolly Pine

Latin Name: Pinus taeda
Other names: Arkansas pine, North Carolina pine, oldfield pine
Origin: United States
Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 6-9
Size: 50-80 ‘+ tall and 30-40’ wide
Exposure: Full sun
Number of needles per bundle: 3

Loblolly Pine

25. Limber Pine

Latin: Pine flexilis
Native To: United States, Canada
Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 4-7
Size: 30-60 ‘tall and 15-35’ wide
Exposure: Full sun
The number of needles per bundle: 5

Limber Pine

26. Lacebark Pine

Latin Name: Pinus Bungeana
Native To: China
Zone: Zones 4-8
Size: 30-50 ‘tall and wide
Full sun
Needles in each bundle: 3

Lacebark Pine

Note: Has a distinctive and beautiful skin, suitable for planting on the home page.

27. Jeffrey Pine

Latin Name: Pinus Jeffreyi
Origin: California, Nevada, Oregon, Mexico
Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 6-8
Size: 80-140 ‘tall and 20-30’ wide
Exposure: Full sun
Needles of each bundle: 3

Jeffrey Pine

Note: This pine skin smells like vanilla scent.

28. Japanese White Pine

Latin Name: Pinus parviflora
Origin: Japan, South Korea
Living in the zone: Zones 4-7
Size: 25-50 ‘tall and wide
Full sun
Needles of each bundle: 5

Note: This is a type of pine that is often used as a bonsai plant. The specimen has been around since 1625.

Japanese White Pine

29. Japanese Black Pine

Latin name: Pinus thunbergii
Other names: Black pine
Native To: Japan, South Korea
Live in the zone: Zones 5-8
Size: 20-70 ‘tall and 20-40’ wide
Full sun
Number of needles in each bundle: 2

Japanese Black Pine

30. Jack Pine

Latin Name: Pinus banksiana
Origin: Northern United States, Canada
Zones: Zones 2-7
Size of height and stem width: 30-70 ‘tall and 30-40’ wide
Exposure: Full sun
Needles in each bundle: 2

Jack Pine

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31. Italian Stone Pine

Latin: Pinus pinea
Other names: Umbrella pine
Native To: Southern Europe, Lebanon, Turkey
Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 8-10
Size: 30-60 ‘tall and 30-50’ wide
Full sun
Number of needles per bundle: 2

Note: Source of pignoli nuts

Italian Stone Pine

32. Gray Pine

Latin: Pinus sabiniana
Other names: Foothill pine, bull pine, California foothill pine, digger pine
Native To: California
Zones: Zones 8-9
Size: 40-70 ‘tall
Full sun to light shade
Needles in each bundle: 3

Gray Pine

33. Foxtail Pine

Latin Name: Pinus balfouriana
Origin: California
Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 5-8
Height: 20-50 ‘tall
Exposure: Full sun
Needles in each bundle: 5

Foxtail Pine

34. Eastern White Pine

Latin Name: Pinus strobus
Another name: White pine
Origin: United States, Canada
Preferred Hardiness Zones: Zones 3-8
Size: 50-80 ‘tall and 20-40’ wide
Full sun to light shade
Number of needles in each bundle: 5

Eastern White Pine

35. Coulter Pine

Latin Name: Pinus coulteri
Other names: Big cone pine, pitch pine, nut pine, slash pine
Native To: California, Mexico
Zones: Zones 8-9
Height and width: 40-80 ‘tall and 20-40’ wide
Full sun
Number of needles in each bundle: 3

Coulter Pine

36. Chir Pine

Latin Name: Pinus roxburghii
Another name: Imodi pine
Origin of: Afghanistan, China, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal
Size: 60-150 ‘+
Exposure: Full sun
The number of needles in each bundle: 3

Chir Pine

37. Canary Island Pine

Name in Latin: Pinus canariensis
Origin: Canary Islands (Spain)
Zones: Zones 9-11
Size: 50-80 ‘+ tall and 30’ wide
Exposure: Full sun
Needles in each bundle: 3
Chir Pine

38. Bristlecone Pine

Latin Name: Pinus aristata
Other names are: Hickory pine, Rocky Mountain bristlecone pine
Origin: Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico
Zones: Zones 4-7
Size of height and width: 8-30 ‘tall and 10-15’ wide
Exposure: Full sun
Number of needles in each bundle: 5
Canary Island Pine

39. Austrian Pine

Have a latin Name: Pinus nigra
Other name: European black pine
Native To Southern Europe, Cyprus, Northern Africa, Turkey
Grow in : Zones 4-7
Size: 40-60′ tall and 20-40′ wide
Like for Full sun
Needles per Bundle: 2
Bristlecone Pine

40. Aleppo Pine

Latin name is Pinus halepensis
Other name is Jerusalem pine
Belong to Mediterranean region
Zones:: Zones 8-10
Has size between 30-60′ tall and 20-40′ wide
Exposure: Full sun
The needles per Bundle is 2, or 3

Aleppo Pine