Mulberry Tree – Our land is now very pleasant because it is full with trees that provide shade in the summer. In fact, the trees can be a place for various birds, butterflies and various bees. Mulberry tree is one tree that can provide peace like that.
Four Types of Mulberry Trees that We Planted
It is part of the moraceae family, which also includes fig trees. these four types of mulberry trees are commonly grown in America.
Red mulberry (Morus rubra) is a Native American plant, the fruit is almost black or dark red in color. Many people like the fruit that can be eaten directly like dried fruit, made in sauce, and added to the cake.
Based on information that Timucua people use mulberries, twigs and leaves as coloring. There are even residents who use their branches as bows to hunt.
Not only that, indigenous people also utilize this plant in traditional medicine.
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The white variant of the mulberry plant (M. alba) is a plant native to China. They have been cultivating this plant for thousands of years as food for silkworm cultivation. Then, when the development of silk fabrics spread to India, Japan and Europe, travelers brought this plant to North America and they also wanted to make the silk industry like in the country of origin of this plant.
However, the silk industry did not last long, then white mulberry plants continued to spread throughout America, including the eastern part and others. The white variant of Mulberry is named after the white color of the flower. While the fruit can be pink, black, white and purple.
In addition to Red and white mulberries, there are also other variants, namely paper mulberries or called scientific language with the name “Broussonetia papyrifera”. This is another type that develops very quickly in America because this plant has a good ability to spread. The name “paper” comes from the use of plants “paper” as paper and others.
Finally, the black or black mulberry variant (M. nigra). This is a Mulberry crop that came from Iran. The fruit is always black, almost no other color is found.
Beware of Polka-dotted sheets
This plant can easily be the body and develop into large-scale clumps with small fruit that is similar to small grapes.
Also see: Growing New Zealand Spinach
If you like and want to cultivate Red Mulberries, you can buy them on Amazon, be it seeds, tubers, and plants that are already growing.
One of the signs that Mulberry is bearing fruit, there are many birds that eat it. Maybe you will see the windshield of your car which is full of bird-like black. If such times have arrived, you can no longer hang white cloth or bedspread in vain white if you do not want your cloth dirty with bird droppings.
Choose the Right Location
What if you have not started planting it or there is no Mulberry tree in your yard. Planting Mulberries must choose the right location in order to grow well.
If you are located at USDA Hardiness Zones 5-9, you are lucky because you can grow mulberries easily and it can grow well without difficult maintenance.
Mulberry trees will grow quickly and your yard will soon become a forest. Mulberry planting is perfect for those of you who want a wooded house.
Fast growth makes the tone must be careful in planting it. If not, the fast-growing roots will hit the tiles of the house, or can damage your water facilities. The roots are not conspicuous, but they are very fast growing and growing.
Red mulberries and black mulberries can grow to heights of 35 feet or more and can last for hundreds of years. While white or white mulberry variants can grow to heights of 70 feet.
So, choose the right location and suitable for growing Mulberries, so you don’t need to worry about growing, including roots that spread quickly and hard.
Areas that have enough moisture and good water flow are very suitable for mulberry trees. Black mulberries are very suitable for planting near streams like rivers and they like alkaline soils. So, it makes sense to change and cultivate your land with clay, clay or sand.
Jam it, mulberries also like and are suitable for planting areas that are partially exposed to the sun or areas full of sun. But when they grow up, they will naturally block each other from the sun. What’s important is that your mulberry tree can get sunlight even if it’s not 100%.
To plant young mulberry trees, you can wait for winter first. Read the recommendations on the package and determine the appropriate depth for growing mulberries.
Mulberries Grow, It’s Like Magic
Mulberry doesn’t have to be from seed, you can try it from the stem cuttings, it will grow easily. If there are already many branches, follow the USDA guidelines for pruning. Usually, you have to cut branches 8 to 12 inches long. Each branch, you can leave only 3 buds.
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When planting mulberry cuttings, plant it into the soil with a depth of 4 inches, it would be better to plant it in June or July. Water the stems every day if it’s summer, or adjust to the soil conditions, if the soil is still wet, you don’t need to water it. The delivery period is usually a month and then the roots will usually appear and grow as mulberry trees.
Mulberry pruning and control
This plant is very easy to grow and only requires small maintenance and a small pruning during periods of inactivity. Remove the diseased and less good branches.
The mulberry tree is one of the easiest to care for, and it only needs very minimal trimming in the dormant months. Only remove the most damaged or sickly branches, and never cut trees during sap production.
When it has grown well, if you not control it, then its growth can interfere with anything near it, including if it appears on the sidewalk.
Mulberry Harvest and Serving Advice
The beautiful thing is when your mulberries have begun to bear fruit and are ready for harvest. It’s easy to pick mulberries and this has been proven.
Just by slightly touching the branch, if the mulberry fruit is ripe, then it will easily fall to the ground. So, a very easy way to harvest it is to use and spread an old cloth or clean old blanket under a mulberry tree. You only need to shake the stems or branches and the ripe fruit will fall on your blanket. Choose blankets that you no longer use because the color of the fruit can damage and pollute your blanket.
Mulberries are not to be stored for long, so plan to eat them or make various food or drink recipes. Mulberries can be made into special foods and dishes, do you know what you can present with mulberries?
Whatever your recipe requires berries, you can use mulberries. Remember, mulberries are very runny and cooking or whatever you create with mulberries, of course it will runny.
Numerous Health Benefits
We have already mentioned above, that indigenous peoples have long used red mulberries as ingredients for healing. The sap is good for treating ringworm, while the leaves can be made of tea and good for treating dysentery, weakness, and difficult urination.
Until now, mulberry is widely used in various healing and treatment.
This plant as a whole is rich in antioxidants, including its stems, leaves, and fruit which are very good for fighting against cell-damaging or cancer-causing substances.
Korean researchers SB Kim, BY Chang, and his friends found that mulberries contain alkaloids which function to activate white blood cells and are good for stimulating immunity.
White mulberry leaves have been known for treating throat disease and some have used and used mulberry leaves to control blood sugar levels. While ancient Chinese health experts use Mulberry as a medicine for swelling and redness.