How To Prune A Fig Tree – Figs are plants from the Mediterranean that are easily cultivated anywhere. To get a good fig tree, we must do the right treatment. Among the important treatments is to do pruning on branches that do not produce fruit or not grow well. Most planters can grow, but few can cut figs.
Read on this article, I will give you the right way to pruning a figs tree.
How to Prune Figs Trees After Transplanting
Pruning on figs should be done in a number of situations. Among them is after the first transplant.
When moving or planting a figs tree from a graft, you must trim it. This pruning is done after the figs grow and are carried out about half the height of the tree. The purpose of this pruning is to stimulate perfect root formation. In addition, pruning is also important to stimulate the growth of more side branches so that the fruit becomes thick.
The next pruning is done in the winter after transplantation. This is aim to keep figs healthy and big. Trim the branches, leave about 4-6 branches and the rest are cut in all.
How to Prune a Figs Trees After Established
For the next stage, pruning can be done in a season where figs are not active and usually the leaves experience loss.
The way to do pruning is to move the fruitless branches that you have chosen for bearing fruit previously. Besides that, the dead branches must also be removed. If you find a disease in the stem, it must also be pruned so that it does not catch the other stem.
Pruning also needs to do on the secondary branch (this is a branch that grows from the main stem) and it grows sideways more than 45 degrees. This branch pruning can remove all branches close to the primary stem. This branch will not produce optimal fruit.
Also read: How to Prune a Japanese Maple
Pruning is on the main branch about 1/3 or 1/4. It aims to focus on figs to produce large, sweet fruit for the next year.
These are some of the important ways of trimming figs. This is done in the treatment of figs. The main goal of pruning is to produce branches that can produce large and delicious fruit. Branches that are too many may not be able to provide a lot of fruit, so pruning is important so that the tree gives its energy to produce delicious fruit.
Pruning fig trees is important to keep it flourishing. If you find damage, dead branches, or illness, everything must be pruned.
This is the basic system for caring for figs. This is the same as pruning that must be done on other plants. But other than that there are also other specific pruning and must be done for the growth of tin plants during the first few years.
Overview of Fig Trees
The fig plant that is commonly known is the type of Ficus Carica, this is a plant that belongs to the Moraceae family. This means that the figs plant has a close relationship with mulberries. The fig plants originated in western Asia and southeastern Europe. He is also known as an invasive plant from America.
A fig tree can grow to about 10-20 feet in size with the same width of 10-20 feet. This plant has a habit of spreading to the side so that its shape is widened. Plants can produce fruit continuously without season, but to be able to ripen, we have to wait for quite a long time. Its spreading shape seems suitable for terrace landscaping, and can display a tropical atmosphere.
Tin bark can add aesthetic value as you age. Tree bark is increasingly showing beauty. While large leaves are almost the same as breadfruit leaves. the surface of the leaf is green with the bottom somewhat gray. There are large petiole, some small depending on the variant.
Figs appear slowly on their stems, either at the top or at the bottom, and the fig plants don’t have any flowers. Directly appearing on the branches is the ovaries.
Preferred Growing Conditions
If you live in the United States, tin plants can be planted in zones 5 to zone 10. You should plant them in containers so they are easy to carry in and out. If the weather is cold, then you must put this plant in the room.
When autumn will end, you should start reducing watering. This is the goal to face the winter that is coming soon.
If you are in the south, then look for land that has partial shade to plant it. But if you plant it in the north, then you should plant it in a place that is fully exposed to sunlight. Tin will grow well in moist soil, well drained and fertile.
Breeding fig does not need other plants, it can be propagated by small seeds from the fruit. However, most farmers do the multiplication of plants with a cuttings or graft system.
Best Time to Prune Fig Trees
The stems of fig plants will emit sap as soon as they are cut. These are gummy plants like jatropha, which is why these plants can be grafted or can graft easily with other types. But that is not what we are discussing, when this plant secretes a lot of sap, this can cause diseased stems, which is why pruning should be avoided if it eats a lot of sap.
The safe time for pruning fig plants is when these plants are not active. The period of inactivity is when they drop the leaves. So it’s very easy to indicate when the time is inactive for the fig tree.
How to Prune Fig Trees
The first time you cut a tin plant, maybe this is a bad thing, you have to cut it in half. When plants start to sprout, then all you have to do is prepare for the future of the plant.
Some hard stems may be the main stems left for fertilization. However, this tin plant needs flowers, so when you prune you should pay attention to the distance between the shoots and not tightly. So, leave the bud branches evenly along the main branch.
Prune new branches are usually known as suction branches, it usually grows at the base of the plant. This branch will only compete against nutrition with the top branches that we have prepared to bear fruit.
Also delete the following branches:
Some branches of secondary branches. This is a branch which is the branch we are ready to produce. Prune tin branches that grow on fruiting branches at an angle of less than 45 degrees. This branch will be weak because of its growth at an unsustainable angle.
Branches that rub against each other or cross each other.
Prune more wood branches that bear fruit up to 1/3. This will make the plant compact. Thus the figs that are produced will be bigger.