Here we will learn how to grow Lisianthus, from how to grow Lisianthus from seed to using it as a cut flower. Maybe you are wondering why this flower, why plant Lisianthus? Let’s see more about this plant.
Why Should You Grow Lisianthus?
Lisianthus is a flower plant with rose-like flowers, are you interested in the flower that has a rose-like appearance. Whatever your reasons, these plants are easy to grow and more durable in a vase. Sometimes the name of the rose with another name is Lisianthus.
Lisianthus plants have blooming flowers of various colors and when they are in bloom they will look beautiful in the garden. The beautiful flowers range from yellow, white, champagne, pink, apricot, blue and purple. The beginnings of the flower buds begin to appear at the beginning of summer, and this appears in abundance from the rootstock of the plant to the top, this is where the beauty of the rose is given by the rose plant.
The bloom time for each stem of a lisianthus plant is two to 4 weeks, so the plant may sometimes have several stems. This is the time it takes for a flower to bloom from budding to full bloom. So, it blooms little by little and it is quite beautiful in a long time.
In the lisianthus plant, not only blooming flowers are pursued by many connoisseurs of this plant, but also the handsome shark leaves, soft and slender stems both produce the beauty of this plant. This plant has many sizes, there are dwarf types such as lizzy pink, this is about 6 inches and there is also a longer stem which is known as Kent Beauty. The stalk can extend up to 36 cm.
Designing with Lisianthus
Lisianthus is available in various sizes and this makes it easy to design. Some are taller with a size of 18 inches, the stems are long and slender, this sometimes needs to be made a support from other plants so that it doesn’t fall over and doesn’t break easily. You can plant other plants as a buffer in front of Lisianthus, for example you plant ornamental kale (Brassica oleracea) which is shorter so as not to cover the beauty of Lisianthus with its beautiful flowers. While behind the Lisianthus plant you can plant harder plants as a background, for example you plant Verbena bonariensis as a background for the main plant, Lisianthus.
Plant lisianthus in garden borders
For planting on garden borders, choose shorter lisianthus varieties such as purple ventura. The blooms are soft, and very different from the zinnias (Zinnia hybrida) flowers. The presence of the lisianthus plant among other plants provides an extraordinary beauty accent with beautiful flowers.
Grow lisianthus in containers
For growing in containers, the shorter type might suit you. Lisianthus has many types of colors so it is easy to mix with other flower plants. Among the flower plants that are suitable for blending with lisianthus are dianthus (Dianthus spp. & hybrids) and tickseed (Coreopsis spp. & hybrids), why are they suitable, because they both like similar growing conditions. You can also combine it with Lacy baby’s breath (Gypsophila hybrids), this plant will provide a great backdrop for lisianthus plants. If you have one, you can also combine lisianthus with snapdragons (Antirrhinum majus) or ornamental oregano (Origanum hybrids) to create contrasting and beautiful flowers.
So, to plant together with other plants, it is more suitable to use a shorter lisianthus and vary the color of the flowers so that they are more beautiful.
How to Grow Lisianthus
If you want to grow lisianthus as an annual, then think about planting new seedlings in the spring after the frost has passed. When you have transplanted it into the garden, it will give a long lasting beauty because of its long blooming time. It also tolerates heat and dryness, but don’t leave it damp. It does quite well in well-drained but well-draining soil. Also, it is best planted in full sun.
The state of the soil to be neutral to alkaline. It tolerates cold in Zones 8 to 10. So how to grow lisianthus plants, see below.
Growing tips for lisianthus
Plant in dry, moist but not soggy soil, also pay attention to getting the sun’s rays on it thoroughly. It will grow well and the leaves are handsome with the most beautiful flowers.
After watering, wait for the soil to dry, then proceed with the next watering.
Don’t forget to give your plants food every time you water them, one of the fertilizers you usually apply is Miracle Gro® at half-strength.
Spacing between plants
Lisianthus plants are usually spaced close together, this is about 6 to 8 inches between plants. This will support good growth and support each other from one stem to another. If you plant a tall variety, then don’t forget to make a support, you can make a buffer from wire or by planting other shorter plants in front of it as we mentioned above.
Also see: How to Grow Corkscrew Willow
This is a perennial plant in warm zones
Planting lisinathus plants in zones 8 through 10 can make them grow perennial. After the frost has passed, you can cut this plant for better growth in the future. The remaining stems should be covered with mulch such as straw to protect them from spring. This will allow the lisianthus to grow back properly.
How to grow lisianthus from seed
If you wish, you can get the seeds at the plant store and name them, but it takes much longer and requires a lot of patience for them to grow and develop. To be able to produce flowers, if planting from seeds, maybe you have to be patient for 6 months. Growing lisianthus in zones 8 through 10, you can plant the seeds directly outdoors in soil. If you plant it in late summer, then you will only get the flowers to bloom the following spring.
Starting an indoor lisianthus nursery
Lisianthus seeds are very fine, usually the shape of the seeds is like a fish pellet shape. But you need to know that propagation of lisianthus by seed is very difficult and it cannot tolerate temperatures above 75 degrees. During the seedling period, you must keep these plants from temperatures above 75 degrees.
Keeping the temperature below 75 is very important so that this plant does not enter a resting phase. If it starts to go into the resting or rosetting stage, this will take a very long time, it could last weeks or months. So, the important thing is to maintain the temperature at the time of planting from seeds.
1. Sowing seeds can be in early and late winter
In mid-December to January, provide potted plants with good quality vermiculite and peat, and spread the lisianthus seeds on top. Then the container is covered with plastic, tie the plastic with rubber, so that the inside of the post (the seedling place) is always moist.
– Pay attention to the right light and temperature
Place the grow lights directly over the container one inch apart. Seeds should receive 16 hours of light per day until seedlings emerge within 2 weeks. During the germination period, keep the temperature constant, the temperature ranges from 70 to 75 degrees. Once they have sprouted, you can remove the plastic (cover) and keep the light about 1 1/2 to 2 inches above the plant. The temperature at night is okay if it’s cooler, you can set the temperature at 60 to 65 degrees. But do not let the temperature lower than 60 degrees.
– Water well
Water this planting medium from below and keep it moist when touched. Make good ventilation so that air circulation is smooth, you can give fertilizer at first with a calcium-based fertilizer (13-2-13) or it can be a multi-purpose fertilizer, give it once a week. At this time the cotyledon roots have grown.
2. Transplanting seeds
After the growth of the plant with its 2 or 3 sets of leaves, this is about 7 to 8 weeks. If you are already at this phase, it is no longer important to maintain a temperature of 75 degrees. When moving it, hold the leaves and scoop out the roots so that the root system is not disturbed. Scoop out as much soil medium as possible to keep the roots safe.
3. Harden off lisianthus seedlings
When the seedlings reach 3 to 4 inches or already have 4 sets of leaves, remove the lisianthus plant gradually, put it outside for some time and put it back in, then the next time, place it outside for a longer time, this is done for the purpose of plant adaptation .