We will explain how to grow asparagus. For those of you who love young shoots, asparagus is the best choice for you. Asparagus is not only delicious to eat but also stores lots of nutrients for health. Among these nutrients are iron, vitamin B, calcium, vitamin C, and others. Very tasty young shoots of asparagus are consumed either made as vegetables or asparagus juice.
Planting asparagus is good for areas that have a cold climate or dry climate. In Indonesia, with tropical climate asparagus can thrive. For those of you who like to plant asparagus, here we share tips for growing asparagus from seeds, care, and harvest.
About How to Grow Asparagus
Before starting for planting the asparagus, prepare the planting area well, if planting on an open land don’t forget to make the soil loose and have high porosity so that the water is not stagnant. Asparagus can also grow in shade, but it is more fertile in places that are exposed to sunlight. Planting on open land that is not blocked by the sun is very helpful for plants to grow quickly and have a strong resistance to disease.
Prepare your land to plant asparagus. You can make land shaped beds with a height of 20 cm and a width of 40-50 cm. Remove all existing weeds so that the asparagus plant is not affected by growth.
Asparagus is a monoecious plant where every plant has male or female gender. Even some varieties such as Jersey Knight and Jersey Giant variants produce all male gender or are dominated by the male gender. This is very good, you can get lots of young shoots from asparagus and they don’t need much energy to produce seeds. Our goal is to harvest young shoots, then plant Jersey Giant type asparagus with good prospects.
Also read: How to Grow Spaghetti Squash
If you choose asparagus crowns for seeding, dig a trench about 12 cm wide and 6 inches deep. Dig this ditch on the beds or ripening that you have made. Soak the asparagus crowns in tea compost for 20 minutes before you plant them. Then, place each asparagus crown in a trench 2 feet apart, then cover the top with 2 inches of soil. After a week then cover again with 2 inches of soil and continue until the soil surface at the bottom of the asparagus is in the form of a sediment.
Ways for Mulching and Watering
Use mulch to kill all weeds, weeds can reduce your asparagus yield. Remove all visible weeds so that your asparagus harvest is optimal. Next, give regular watering for the first two years of planting. Also, give fertilizer such as tea compost during spring and autumn. When asparagus is difficult to grow big, the car will penetrate deep into the ground so watering is not so important.
Starting Asparagus Grow From Seed
Planting asparagus from seeds takes longer, but there are many benefits. Asparagus planted from seeds does not experience stress as planted from asparagus crowns. In addition, planting asparagus from seeds also has the advantage that you can choose male seeds and get rid of the females so that they produce more. You can uproot and remove female asparagus and plant males. As I mentioned above, male asparagus produces more shoots because it does not use nutrients to produce flowers.
Another benefit of growing asparagus from seeds is a cheaper price. One package of asparagus seeds has the same price as one asparagus crowns.
How to Distinguish Male and Female Asparagus
When flowers begin to appear, pay close attention. For convenience, you can use a magnifying glass. Female flowers have a 3 lobe pistil, while male flowers are larger and longer than female flowers. All female asparagus is removed from the planting area and planted with male asparagus at the place where the female has been removed.
How to Deal with Pests and Diseases
A common problem with asparagus is beetles, these pests will chew on the asparagus stem in the spring and eat the leaves in the summer. Other pests are blue metallic black pests, these animals put their eggs on each leaf and then drip larvae. These pests can be removed by using hands one by one or spraying with insecticide soap. Always pay attention to pests and remove from plants so that asparagus thrives and produces many buds.
In addition, there are pests called “Asparagus miner” they make zig zag tunnels on stalks. If you see the stalk infected, destroy all so it is not penetrate to another place. One more, if your plant attached by ants please see how to get rid of ants from your garden.
In addition, there are pests called asparagus rust, these pests cause black spots on the stems and leaves of asparagus by planting resistant and strong asparagus. In addition to removing all plant pests, you must keep the soil pH 6.0.
If you have already planted several times of asparagus in the same place, you should do the planting rotation in another place. See the benefits of crop rotation.
During the first two years you should not harvest your asparagus, let this plant build a good root system. Next, in the third year, harvest in 4 weeks and after entering the fourth year you can harvest for 8 weeks.
Furthermore, at the beginning of spring, you can harvest every two days. In the summer when the weather warms up, you can harvest twice a day and cut the asparagus using a sharp knife so as not to damage the stem.