In today’s post entitled “How peanuts grow” there are some things to know about peanuts plants, as follows:
- Different from other plants, peanuts flower on the ground and the fruit is in the soil.
- The peanuts growth cycle takes longer, it takes 4 to 5 months from planting to harvest.
There is something unique about peanuts, it grows in soil different to walnuts, almonds, and pecans that grow in trees. Below I will share how to grow peanuts from preparing the land until the harvest period. Let’s look at the explanation below:
How Do Peanuts Grow
Planting bean seeds
In America, peanuts growers begin after the ice season in April to may. This is after the temperature reaches 65 to 70 F. Peanut seeds are planted at a depth of 2 inches with a spacing of 4 to 5 inches. This nursery process must be prepared properly. To produce abundant crops, the farmer must ensure that peanuts are free of ice for 140-150 days.
Seedlings Crack the Soil
After planting the peanuts seeds, it takes about 10 days to germinate. They will grow oval and not too tall, about 18 inches. Unlike most plants, peanuts are flowering in trees and bear fruit in the soil.
After the planting period lasts 40 days, peanuts begin to flower. Yellow peanut flowers will decorate your peanuts garden at this time. You can also enjoy this beauty sometime before then harvesting your peanuts.
Then, the peanuts will produce several pods (peas) in the soil, usually producing 30 to 40 pods. The period needed for harvesting is 4-5 months depending on the variety of beans.
“Pegging” is a Unique Things on Peanuts
This budding ovary is called a “peg.” Pegs that appear around the stem will drop into the ground and begin to move away from the stem and spread in the ground. Peanut has an embryo, at the end of this peg is the embryo. This embryo will change its shape to peanuts and continue to grow until the inside is in the form of peanut seeds.
At this time, plants continue to grow and flowers continue to appear. Later, each plant can produce 40 pods.
Peanuts don’t need a lot of water like other nuts
Peanuts only need 1.5 to 2 inches of water a week during kernel growth. The water needed is only 5 gallons to produce 1 ounce of peanuts, not like almonds that need 80 gallons of water to produce 1 ounce of almonds.
If there is no rain, the farmer must irrigate the crops manually. They (peanuts) are plants that bind nitrogen, the roots will absorb nitrogen from the air. This will provide nutrients to plants and local soil.
The harvest period arrives
When the peanuts plants are mature and the seeds are already harvested, usually after 5 months or less. Farmers must wait until the soil is not too hard or too wet. This aims to facilitate the process of extracting peanuts.
After the time comes, farmers start digging nuts by pulling them out and getting sweetly slowly. If the soil is wet, it is easy to remove the peanuts from the soil. After the peanuts are lifted with lots of pea pods underneath, the farmer also needs to break the surrounding soil to get the remaining pods.
When just taken from the ground, peanuts contain 25 to 50% moisture and this must be dried until only 10% moisture remains. At this humidity, the farmer has made it possible to store peanuts for a long time. But need to do the separation first.
Separation of peanuts from plants
After the drying process in the field, it is time to remove the peanuts from the dried plants. Take all the pods or peanuts from the plants, and separate the plants. You can bring this dried plant to the land or garden to fertilize the land or can give it to livestock.
While peanuts that have been taken from plants can be stored for a long time.