Peppermint is a versatile plant whose leaves are used for various purposes. Learn how to grow peppermint and use its aromatic leaves in your dishes or drinks. The leaves are also great added as herbs to give a refreshing aroma.
What is peppermint?
Peppermint or Mentha×piperita is a versatile herb that you can grow in your garden and serve as a ground cover, or you can grow it in a pot. This will give its own beauty from its green and dense leaves.
Let’s see how to easily grow this versatile herb for family use. Planting peppermint there are two ways, we can try to plant from cuttings of stems or from seeds. We will see both of these methods below.
How to Grow Peppermint
1. From Cuttings
- Take healthy stems and prunes, choose non-flowering ones, cut them about 4-5 inches long, using them at a 45 degree angle from the plant.
- Trim the leaves from the bottom of the cut
- Then dip the cut end in rooting hormone, and put it in a vase filled with distilled water
- Place the vase in any location that gets indirect light, provide good ventilation.
- Peppermint roots will start sprouting within the next 10-15 days
- After growing well, you can transplant the plant into a larger pot.
2. From Seeds
We’ve seen how to grow from peppermint stem cuttings, now look at how to grow from seed.
- Purchase high-quality peppermint seeds at a growing center or herb garden center.
- Soak the seeds overnight in water and sprinkle them the next day. Sprinkle in a pot of quality seed starting mix
- The seeds are not sown too deep because it can cause rotting, just sow about 1/2 inch. Cover with a thin layer of soil
- mist the soil, and store in a place exposed to indirect sunlight.
- If the body, then these seeds will germinate within 1 to 2 weeks.
- Note: To save time and ensure growth, you can buy seeds that have already grown in a plant nursery.
More: How to Grow Lisianthus
Growing Requirements of Peppermint
What are the requirements for growing peppermint plants, let’s look at the reviews below. Some of the things peppermint plants need to grow optimally, including:
This plant can grow well in a slightly shaded place. but to grow well and maximally, make sure that this plant can get sunlight for 3 to 5 hours a day. You can grow in an east-facing window for good lighting.
Don’t over-water the soil, but keep it moist at all times. If you feel that the topsoil is dry, water it well until the water fills the pot or comes out of the drainage holes. Do not wet the leaves when you water.
What is good soil for peppermint? Peppermint is not very fussy with growing media or soil. It can grow well in a variety of growing media.
Just prepare the soil with a pH of 6-7.5 so that it grows well. For this soil, you can make your own by mixing several types of soil with the same ratio. Peat soil, garden soil, perlite and vermiculite.
Peppermint thrives in a typical Indian climate and it also grows well at 12-30 c. If the heat is excessive or the wind is strong you should keep your plants indoors so as not to cause damage.
This plant is not good at over-fertilizing, so make sure you only feed it a little. If you apply too much fertilizer, the peppermint flavor may diminish or be lost. During the growth period, you can use a balanced fertilizer, dilute and use every 4-6 weeks.
How about peppermint pruning? To get a thick body, you have to trim it by pinching the ends periodically.
The stems also need to be cut, especially if you find diseased stems, do this alternately from time to time. Suppress flowering growth to prevent leaves from fully developing. Quickly pinch the flower buds as they begin to appear at the tips of the shoots.
7. Peppermint plant pests and diseases
Speaking of pests, you don’t have to worry too much, just make sure you don’t over-water the plants. If it is too much it will interfere with its growth.
How to Harvest Peppermint
Do you want to harvest it? Harvesting peppermint is an easy job. In this case, simply cut the leaves as you wish, and the plant will continue to grow and new leaves will appear.
To make your job easier, use sharp scissors. Also make sure you harvest only 1/3 of the crop. If you harvest too much, then peppermint growth will be disrupted.