Bamboo is a garden plant that is very amazing, giving a traditional atmosphere in the middle of urban or residential. The presence of bamboo gives a beautiful, comfortable and cold feel. One of the varity of bamboo is phyllostachys aurea that suitable to grow in pot. Bamboo is usually planted for architectural materials, sticks, and leaves. There are many types of bamboo that can decorate your home garden. In this article we discuss various types of bamboo.
Bamboo is an amazing background plant, its stems and leaves provide soothing access and provide its own comfort and beauty. There are many types of bamboo that can be planted in pots for the beauty of the room and the yard.
Bamboo plants give a tropical feel, form a forest-like environment and are good for decorating parks. Bamboo also does not require difficult maintenance, only with simple treatments such as pruning, bamboo can form beautiful plants in the garden. You can choose any varities you want like phyllostachys aurea, Chusqea culeou, Phyllostachys nigra or other types.
How to Grow Bamboo
Bamboo is easy to grow in almost all soils except watery soils or which experience high levels of humidity. Some types of bamboo like shade, and some others can grow well in a protected place.
The ability of bamboo to adapt greatly influences the success in growing bamboo. That is why planting bamboo is easy and largely successful.
Various Types of Bamboo
Choosing bamboo plants is important to pay attention to the height level, so it is suitable for your room. The name of the botanical bamboo is so long that it can hardly be pronounced, but later the name underwent a change.
Here are some types of bamboo that are good for planting in your area.
1. Chusquea culeou
The Chusqea culeou type is suitable for planting to cover tanaha, both for cold and open gardens, good specimen plants and hedging and screening.
Bamboo with the name “Chusqea culeou” produces a group of dense cane making it suitable for planting specimens and the stems also look stiff and sturdy. The height of this type of bamboo is only 4 meters. The color of the stem is olive green, and when it turns old it turns yellow to brownish.
2. Argesia murieliae (Arundinaria murieliae)
Bamboo with the name “Argesia murieliae” suitable for planting to produce sugar cane, both planted in open and cold gardens, can be grown in pots, and also includes a good specimen plant.
This type of bamboo can grow to a height of 3-4 meters or 10-13 feet. The stick is yellow green with age, while the leaves are green. While “Simba” is a smaller type of bamboo and it only grows about 1.8 meters.
3. Fargesia nitide (Arundinaria nitide)
Another type of bamboo is Fargesia nitide. This type of bamboo is suitable for planting to produce sugar cane, for cold and open gardens, to provide protection and shade, can be grown in pots, and is included in a good specimen plant species.
Bamboo Fargesia can grow up to 3-4 meters high and spread slowly. Sticks or stems that are ripe become purple and dark. This bamboo likes to grow in the shade and moist.
4. Phyllostachys aurea
Phyllostachys aurea is suitable for producing cut sticks, for protection, to be grown in pots, and as good plant specimens.
It grows to 4 meters, the leaves are dense and is very good for providing shade, the stems are green but will turn yellow as they age. To obtain a yellow stem, plant it in an open area and be exposed to sunlight.
5. Phyllostachys aureosulcata spectabilis
Bamboo with the name “Phyllostachys aureosulcata spectabilis” suitable for planting in open fields, suitable for shade, can be planted in pots, good specimen plants.
This bamboo stick is yellow with a dazzling green mark. You must plant these types of bamboo in a place that is truly respectable. This bamboo grows upright with a height of up to 5 meters. This is a plant that is suitable for cold gardens.
6. Phyllostachys nigra
There are other types of bamboo that are suitable for open and cold places, providing shade, good for planting in pots, and they are good specimens.
This is a black bamboo that grows 2.4-4 meters in height. The black bamboo grows to 2.4-4m (8-13ft). The jet-black canes grow and develop quickly, the jet black color will look perfect in the third year. A very beautiful type of bamboo planted in containers.
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7. Pleioblastus auricomus (Arundinaria viridistriata)
It is suitable for growing in containers, and it is a good specimen.
This colorful bamboo spread slowly and it can be controlled well. The leaves are yellow with a little irregular green, while the canes are purplish green, with height reaching 90 cm to 1.2 meters. For a bright color, plant pleioblastus auricomus in a place that is exposed to full sunlight.
8. Pleioblastus variegatus (Arundinaria variegata)
There is another type of bamboo that is beautiful and commonly used as garden decoration, whose name is Pleioblastus variegatus. It is a type of bamboo suitable for planting in pots, and is a good specimen.
This bamboo is easy to control its growth and it grows to form mounds with a height of only 3 feet or 90 cm. The leaves are various colors like white mixed with cream. It is best for planting in a shady and bright place.
9. Pseudosasa japonica
Pseudosasa japonica is a bamboo that is suitable for growing to produce sugar cane, cold and open plants, growing in pots, and good specimens. This bamboo forms clumps and can grow to a height of 3.5 meters, large green leaves, with slender sticks green like olives. This type of bamboo can tolerate wet soil.
Recommended planting locations
Bamboo plants are best planted on the border of flowers, beds, containers, terraces, city parks or on fences and courtyards.
How to care for Bamboos
Bamboo is not the same as other plants, it does not require difficult maintenance, only with regular care, bamboo can grow well.
For the first two years, bamboo must be maintained in soil moisture, water it properly to encourage it to bring up new tunes or sticks.
In spring, feed with granular food, and cover the top of the soil with 5-7.5cm (2-3in) mulch to keep the roots cool. This will quickly help growth and development. New sticks grow well when they are 1 year old and reach the maturity of the trunk when they are 8 years old. So, in the spring, you can cut old sticks with the aim that new stems easily develop.
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Why does bamboo have to be controlled? Bamboo has growth by spreading rhizomes underground include the phyllostachys aurea type. If not controlled, it can spread everywhere and can even damage your path or your walls. Some types of bamboo are very invasive and some are easy to tame.
One way to control the growth of roots is to plant them in a walled container like a bucket that has been thrown away. This can prevent the spread of bamboo roots everywhere so it takes a long time if they spread.